## Introduction

This article describes how to perform basic mathematical functions on tables in Displayr using the **Calculation** menu. These functions include Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Average, Sum, Maximum, Minimum, Any of, None of, Count, Standard Deviation and Variance.

For example, we can go from a table like below...

...to one that has been divided by 2...

...or a table that calculates the average of each column:

## Requirements

- A Displayr document with a data set.
- One or two tables or tabular outputs.

## Method - Divide, Multiply, Subtract

1. Select the one or two tables you wish to perform the calculation on. Note, the order you select these tables determines where they are placed in the calculation.

When working with multiple tables, the calculation will be performed across the tables for each cell provided they have common row and column labels and the same dimensions. In this example, we will select a single table only.

2. Go to **Calculation > Divide**/**Multiply** or **Subtract** in the toolbar.

3. OPTIONAL: In the **object inspector**, you can adjust which **Rows/Columns to exclude** by name. By default all rows and columns apart from NET and SUM will be selected.

4. OPTIONAL: You can change the selected outputs by using the relevant drop-down.

5. OPTIONAL: If you only select a single table, it will default to a **Single numeric value** of **1** for the second reference. You can change this value as required to update your calculation. Here, we have changed this to **2**.

6. OPTIONAL: You can additionally switch either reference between an **Output** and a** Single numeric value** if required.

7. OPTIONAL: Update** Properties > APPEARANCE > Decimals** and **Number format** as required.

## Method - Average, Sum, Maximum, Minimum, Any of, None of, Count, Standard Deviation, Variance

1. Select the one or more tables you wish to perform the calculation on. Note, the order you select these tables determines where they are placed in the calculation.

2. Go to **Calculation > Average/****Sum/Maximum/Minimum/Any of/None of/Count/Standard Deviation/Variance** in the toolbar. You can then choose from any of the below options:

**Average****Average Each Row/Column****Sum****Sum Each Row/Column****Maximum****Maximum Each Row/Column****Minimum****Minimum Each Row/Column****Any of****Any of Each Row/Column****None of****None of Each Row/Column****Count****Count Each Row/Column****Standard Deviation****Standard Deviation Each Row/Column****Variance****Variance Each Row/Column**

Note, on a single table, the options without **Each Row** or **Each Column** will return a single value from all cells. When working with multiple tables, the calculation will instead provide averaged or summed values across the tables for each cell provided they have common row and column labels and the same dimensions and statistics. The row and column specific functions, on the other hand, can only be performed on a single table. In this example, we will perform a column average on one table.

3. OPTIONAL: In the **object inspector**, you can adjust which **Rows/Columns to exclude** by name. By default all rows and columns apart from NET and SUM will be selected.

4. OPTIONAL: You can change the input table in the drop-down as required. If using **Average**, **Sum**,** Maximum**, **Minimum**, **Any of**, **None of**, **Count**, **Standard Deviation** or **Variance**, you can also add or remove inputs.

5. OPTIONAL: If you select more than one input table, you will have the additional option to **Automatically match elements**.

You can choose between the following options:

**Yes - hide unmatched**- keeps only the matching rows/columns.**Yes - show unmatched**- shows both the matching rows/columns and the unmatched rows/columns by appending the latter like a merged table.**No**- does not match on labels.**Custom**- lets you apply different settings for columns and rows.

6. OPTIONAL: Untick **Calculate for inputs with incomplete data** if you wish to return missing for any record that has missing data in any of the selected variables.

7. OPTIONAL: For all versions of the **Any of**, **None of** and **Count** options where you are working with numeric data, you can additionally adjust **Values to count**. This takes the format of individual specified values or a range of values, e.g. *0-10* or *1,2,3* or *>1*. When working with categorical data, you instead specify the **Categorical labels** to include.

8. OPTIONAL: Update** Properties > APPEARANCE > Decimals** and **Number format** as required.

## See Also

How to Perform Mathematical Calculations on Tables

How to Perform Mathematical Calculations Using R

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