A repeated measures single factor experiment is an experiment where both:
- One factor of two or more levels has been manipulated. For example, the experiment may investigate the effect of different levels of price, different flavors, or different advertisements. (Where two or more factors are manipulated, such as both price and flavor being varied, it is then a multifactor experiment and not a single-factor experiment.)
- Each respondent in the survey has been shown all of the factors (e.g., if the experiment is comparing ten new products then each respondent rates all 10 of the products). (Incomplete block experiments, where respondents are only shown a subset of the levels, are analyzed in Displayr as Ranking Experiments and Multifactor Experiments).
Please note these steps require a Displayr license.
Method
- Ensure that each level of the factor is represented by a separate variable.
- For example, if the experiment is testing the appeal of three different advertisements (A, B, and C), then there should be three variables, one representing A, one representing B, and one representing C. If the order in which the alternatives were shown to the respondents has been randomized, then this randomization needs to be removed, either at the time of creation of the data file or, by creating new JavaScript Variables. (Alternatively, the experiment can be analyzed as a Ranking Experiment or a Multifactor Experiment, but this will generally be more complex than removing the randomization).
- Set the Structure to either:
- Numeric - Multi if wishing to compare means or medians.
- Binary - Multi if wanting to compare proportions.
- Nominal - Multi if wanting to compare both means and proportions.
- Right-click the cells on the table and press Statistical Test.
Example
This example uses a Nominal - Multi variable set where NET of WEEKLY+ has been created and its cells are selected. Thus, the repeated measures test compares the proportions of people to consume each of these brands once a week or more. Particular aspects to note about the output are:
- An overall test is conducted. In this case, it is Cochran's Q.
- Multiple comparisons have also been conducted between the categories. (Additionally, Column Comparisons can be added directly to the table.)
Please refer to How to See Statistical Testing Detail using a Table for a description of how to interpret the outputs of this test. We would obtain the same test by instead selecting the cells of a Binary - Multi variable set.
This next example uses the means of a Numeric - Multi variable set.
Non-parametric and limited dependent variable repeated measures models
When the variable set is set as a Numeric - Multi, Displayr will, by default, model it as Repeated Measures ANOVA with Greenhouse & Geisser Epsilon Correction (i.e., a two-way ANOVA where the blocking variable is the first component). That is, the model tests for differences in the means of the data.
Changing the Advanced Significance setting of Means from t-test to Non-parametric will cause Displayr to instead conduct Friedman Test for Correlated Samples.
If the dependent variable is Ordinal you can instead change the Structure to Ranking and the test will look for differences in the relative order of preferences (see Ranking Experiments).
If the dependent variable is Nominal you can treat the data as a Multifactor Experiment and model using a multinomial logit.