The finite population correction is used when the sample size is a large fraction (approximately 5% or more) of the total population. You can apply a finite population correction as a design effect on a table.

The formula for the finite population correction is \(\sqrt{\frac{N-n}{N-1}}\), where \(N\) is the total population and \(n\) is the sample size. However, when calculating this correction for use as a design effect in Displayr, you should not use the square root.

## Method

- Calculate the correction outside of Displayr. Remember to use \(\frac{N-n}{N-1}\) (i.e., without the square root).
- Select the table and from the
**object inspector**, go to**Properties >APPEARANCE > Significance > Advanced.**- Set
**Test Type > Proportion tests**to**z-test**and uncheck**Bessel's correction**. - Set
**Significance Levels > Weights and significance**to**Un-weighted sample size in tests**. - Put the finite population correction that you calculated previously in the
**Extra deff**field.

- Set

Note that this procedure applies to the whole table, so if you have a table with multiple sub-populations, you should filter the table to only show the sub-population of interest.